What Does a Basic Eye Exam Involve? What to Expect During an Eye Health and Vision Test

Having regular eye exams is critical to maintaining good overall health. Yet many people neglect this essential health service unless they’re experiencing specific problems with their vision. The following article discusses why you should have regular eye exams, and what they involve. OptiExpress offers comprehensive eye care services, helping the Cape Coral and Fort Myers communities keep their vision strong and maintain their healthy eyes.

How often should we have eye exams?

Eye exams are much-overlooked parts of maintaining our health and should be undertaken periodically throughout our lives. Not only should we have our eyes checked if we notice any changes in the quality of our vision, but we should also have eye exams as a part of our comprehensive medical assessments. In addition to having vision screenings in childhood – children’s eyes develop and grow very quickly – we should have them regularly throughout our adolescence and adulthood. Moreover, adults who may be at risk for the following conditions should have eye exams regularly.

  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Inherited eye conditions

Your eye doctor will give you a follow-up schedule for future eye exams based upon his/her assessment. As you grow older, your eye disease risk increases, so it is especially important to adhere to your eye doctor’s recommendations. Seniors should have their eyes checked yearly, even if they do not require prescription lenses, to screen for cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration, among other conditions.

How do eye doctors conduct eye exams?

When you have an eye exam, your eye doctor will check the following:

  • Medical history. Your overall medical history is a significant determiner of your eye health. Based on your health and your family’s medical history, your doctor can gain valuable insight into how your eyes will age and what conditions you could be at-risk for.

  • Visual sharpness. The visual acuity portion is what people most associate with eye exams – it tests whether the patient has 20/20 vision. This checks the patient’s distance vision and utilizes an eye chart, where the patient covers one eye and reads letters of varying sizes.

  • Need for corrective lenses. The eye chart test will also be conducted using what’s called a phoropter. This is an instrument that holds corrective lenses of different strengths; the patient views a chart through a combination of lenses and tells the optometrist which lenses yield the sharpest results.

  • Pupil responsiveness. Healthy pupils shrink when exposed to direct light, as when a flashlight is shone at them. The optometrist shines a light into the pupils to check for shrinkage, as any other response indicates a potential concern.

  • Peripheral vision. When peripheral – side – vision begins to deteriorate, this could be a sign of glaucoma. This is a particularly important test because many patients experience a deficiency of peripheral vision without recognizing it.

  • Movement of the eye. This tests the health and functionality of the muscles of the eye, as well as eye alignment. This is known as an ocular motility test.

  • Elevated eye pressure. Elevated eye fluid pressure is one of the symptoms of glaucoma; your eye doctor will conduct an eye pressure test either using a tonometer, which applies light pressure to the eye and measures the force with which the eye resists.

  • Cataracts. Your eye doctor checks for cataracts and scratches or scars on the cornea.

  • The health of the optic nerve. The condition of the retina and optic nerve is checked with the application of pupil dilating eye drops. This allows your eye doctor to thoroughly examine the retina for any indication of infection-related damage.

While the above examinations aren’t the only tests that might be recommended, they are essential to making an accurate determination of your eye health and visual acuity. These tests can help not only detect problems with the eyes, but they can also indicate other health conditions that should be addressed quickly.

OptiExpress: Ft. Myers and Cape Coral’s Leading Optometry Center

OptiExpress founder Dr. J. Michael Witherington is a respected physician and one of Cape Coral’s top-ranked optometrists. Since 1999, OptiExpress has helped diverse communities in South Florida maintain their vision and ocular health. With friendly, Florida-licensed clinicians, a one-hour lab, and a wide selection of designer frames, OptiExpress is a one-stop-shop for all of your eye care essentials.

OptiExpress eye centers are located in Ft. Myers and Cape Coral, Florida. To schedule an appointment for an eye exam, please visit our contact page.

Does Your Child Need Glasses? Here’s How to Know

Poor vision can affect a child’s school performance and overall health. The following article discusses ways you can determine whether or not your child needs corrective lenses. OptiExpress is Cape Coral’s and Fort Myers’s leading optometry center, helping diverse patients manage their ocular health in a state-of-the-art, family-friendly setting.

While children’s vision continues to develop throughout their first 10 years, your child may still need prescription glasses to improve certain eye conditions, strengthen their overall vision, or correct vision in a single under-developed eye. It is important to address potential vision problems as early as possible, since poor vision can have a detrimental effect on academic achievement which could take years to rectify. Here are a few of the signs your child could require corrective lenses.

  • Your child squints even when there is no glare. We all squint when there is a bright light shining in or near our eyes, but if you notice your child squinting in comfortable light conditions, he or she may need an eye exam. The act of squinting can slightly improve vision and focus on an object when there is a refractive error.

  • Using smartphones extremely close to the eyes. Needing to view objects close-up could be a sign of myopia, or nearsightedness.

  • Headaches or eye pain. If your child suffers from frequent headaches or eye pain, it could be a sign that he or she is experiencing significant eye strain in order to improve visual focus throughout the day.

  • Closing one eye, or crossed eyes. When a child covers one eye to improve vision clarity, this could be a sign of a condition called amblyopia – or lazy eye. Lazy eye is a common condition in children, and can be corrected if addressed early. When untreated, there is a risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye.

  • Excessive rubbing of the eyes. Frequent eye rubbing could be symptomatic of several conditions, including eyestrain from prolonged exposure to computer, TV, or smartphone screens, eyestrain from overexertion due to myopia, or possibly an eye infection or allergy. If your child begins rubbing his or her eyes excessively, visit an optometrist as soon as possible.

  • Poor concentration at school. The classroom environment requires fast visual adjustment from near to far in order to absorb and retain information. Children switch from the work on their desks to problems on the chalk or whiteboard quickly, and an inability to adapt could cause your child to experience significant difficulty. If your child struggles at school, is distracted, or has difficulty concentrating, your child could require vision correction.

OptiExpress – Offering Cape Coral and Fort Myers Communities Comprehensive Eye Care Services

A comprehensive eye examination is critical to identifying and correcting any potential vision problems early. If you suspect your child is having vision difficulties, please stop by our eye care center for a full suite of eye tests.

OptiExpress is one of the few local eye care centers to offer a one-hour digital lab as well as a large array of designer eyewear. Dr. J. Michael Witherington founded OptiExpress in 1996, giving the Fort Myers and Cape Coral communities a dependable eye care resource that provides comprehensive eye health services in a family-friendly environment.

Glasses Need an Upgrade? Tips for Finding the Best Eyewear

Shopping for new glasses can be a challenge, but you can find long-lasting, high-quality eyewear once you know what characteristics to seek.OptiExpress is Fort Meyers’s premier optometry resource, helping patients throughout the community improve their eye health in a comfortable, family-friendly environment.

Outside of the eyewear design and sales industry, there aren’t that many eyewear aficionados in the world – your casual glasses-wearer probably couldn’t tell you precisely what qualities make an outstanding pair of glasses versus a merely adequate pair of glasses. However, having this information is crucial to not only finding a long-lasting, stylish pair of glasses but also getting the best deal. Here are some of the characteristics of truly well-constructed eyewear.

High-quality frames.

One of the first areas of inspection should be eyeglass frames. Here’s what to look for.

  • Excellent finish. If you’re buying designer eyewear, take a look at the accuracy of the finish. If the frames are hand-finished, there shouldn’t be any hint of grooves, waving, or pitting in the surface quality. The highest quality acetate frames are typically made in Japan or Italy, and boast a variety of finishes, from high gloss to transparent, to brushed.

  • Well-crafted hinges. Look at the hinges of the glasses. There should be between 5 and 7 barrels holding the screw if the frame near the temple is more than 3 millimeters in width. The more barrels, the greater the durability.

  • Fine details. In designer glasses, there should be great attention to accuracy and functionality in design. Much of the detailing will be in service to wearability, like grooving that promotes stability and inhibits slipping.

Lens quality

All prescription lenses should be crystal clear, but luxury eyewear should be treated with anti-glare, anti-smudge, and anti-scratch coating. Talk to your optometrist to determine the best lens materials and options for your prescription. Also, ask about warranty options for coatings – the highest-quality coatings are often warrantied.

The eyewear fit

Most of us know the basic rules regarding finding the right frame for face shape, but the structure of your features – the positioning of your eyes, ears, and nose – is significantly more important than whether your face is oval or round. Not only will these characteristics affect whether or not your glasses flatter you, but they will also influence the comfort of the fit (if the glasses slip or pinch your nose). Have your optometrist perform measurements that help you find your most appropriate eyewear frame shape.

OptiExpress – Helping the Cape Coral and Fort Myers Communities Find Exceptional Eyewear

Don’t hesitate to visit an optometrist before selecting new eyewear. Not only will an eye exam alert you to any vision changes, but your eye care professional can also help you choose glasses that best suit your budget, appearance, and lifestyle.

OptiExpress is pleased to offer a one-hour digital lab and a huge selection of high-quality, designer eyewear. Dr. J. Michael Witherington founded OptiExpress in 1996, giving the Fort Myers and Cape Coral communities a trusted eye care facility that specializes in providing full eye health services in a family-friendly atmosphere.

What Style of Glasses Works for You? Tips for Selecting Fashion-Forward Eyewear

Wondering what type of eyewear best suits your personal style? The following article discusses the different selection of frames you might consider when choosing your next pair of glasses. OptiExpress is Fort Myers’s go-to optometry center, helping diverse patients optimize their ocular health in a comfortable, family-friendly setting.

Not everyone’s eyewear fits their clothing style and grooming choices. If you haven’t updated your frame style since your last – or first – eye exam, you may not be aware that there is a whole world of beautiful and style-forward options for you to choose from. Not only can they offer a polished finish to your general look, but they might also even provide a better fit, improving your vision and overall comfort. But how to select the right frames for your face, wardrobe, and image?

Fortunately, you don’t have to necessarily select a single pair of glasses – you can have multiple pairs (and sunglasses, of course), each providing a unique statement for an assortment of sartorial choices. If you aren’t sure how to select the right style of eyewear for you, here are a few tips.

Classic is good. Retro… not necessarily.

Classic eyewear styles include rimless and semi-rimless frames, tortoise shells, flat-top, and Wayfarer eyeglasses – they’re all reminiscent of a previous era without being aggressively dated. Bolder classic styles include Aviator and Clubmaster styles (Clubmaster eyeglasses are square-framed with a bold rim across the top – reminiscent of 1950’s eyewear). They create visual interest when worn with a neutral or complimentary wardrobe.

However, there is a risk that certain vintage eyewear styles will appear costume-y. Cat’s eyeglasses, for example, can look downright cartoonish (remember The Far Side?). However, you can ensure your look stays fresh and contemporary by selecting frames that are designed with a subtle nod to a particular decade, rather than glasses that look exactly as though they were worn in 1963.

Eyewear should be an accent.

When it comes to bold eyewear styles – brightly colored frames or Roger Stone-Esque circular rims — you need the confidence to carry it off and a wardrobe that doesn’t make a competing statement. Big, glamorous glasses paired with quirky attire could give the impression of a child playing dress-up, rather than an expression of personal style.

Make sure your eyewear suits your profession.

Accessories can transform a look, and they can make a statement about your personality, values, and lifestyle very effectively. Decide exactly what you want your eyewear to communicate before you make your final decision about what style frames you’d like to buy. Your career objectives will help you significantly in this regard.

You can afford to make brave fashion decisions when you work in a creative industry, but if you’re a CPA, for example, you might want a more conservative frame or a frame that can easily transition from conservative to stylish depending upon the wardrobe. Gold wireframe eyeglasses – elegant and delicately framed glasses that compliment any look – are simultaneously on-trend and completely classic.

Find a suitable fit.

Regardless of your preferred eyeglass style, if they don’t fit, they won’t do you any favors either optically or aesthetically. Before deciding which style eyewear you’d like to try, visit an optometrist to perform your measurements so that you can make sure you maximize your field of vision and that your glasses fit your face without slipping or causing discomfort.

Wearing a beautiful pair of glasses that compliment your face and style can help give you a more polished appearance. If you are a part of the Cape Coral or Fort Myers Florida community, stop by OptiExpress and discover how gorgeous eyewear can help improve your appearance and confidence.

OptiExpress is proud to offer a one-hour digital lab and a wide selection of designer eyewear. Dr. J. Michael Witherington founded OptiExpress in 1996, giving the Fort Myers and Cape Coral communities a reliable eye care resource that specializes in providing comprehensive eye health services in a family-friendly environment.

10 Ways to Keep Your Eyes Healthy

Your vision may be your most valuable of your five senses – here are a few tips for keeping it sharp and healthy for the long term. OptiExpress is Cape Coral and Fort Myers Florida’s leading optometry resource, helping diverse patients maintain their ocular health.

While most of us are given five senses that help us navigate our environment – sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch – our vision may be our most used. We use our eyes to process approximately 80 percent of all tangible phenomena, so a loss of, or reduction in, our vision significantly affects our quality of life. Moreover, vision deterioration costs the U.S. nearly $140 billion annually — $65 billion in direct health spending, a loss of $48 billion in reduced industrial productivity, and almost $24 billion in long-term and part-time care, government assistance, and medical devices.

The risk of vision deterioration increases as we age. There is a 20 percent possibility that an adult over the age of 45 will experience a loss of vision or a health concern that affects visual acuity. Fortunately, conditions like diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, cataracts, and glaucoma can be prevented if you take a long-term approach for protecting your vision. Here are 10 tips that can help you preserve your vision at any age.

1. A Healthy Diet Promotes Healthy Vision.

A balanced diet with nutrient-rich foods – plenty of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins A, C, and E, zinc, and lutein, especially – help ward off age-related vision issues like macular degeneration and cataracts.

2. Stop Smoking/Vaping.

Smokers are three times as likely to develop medical conditions that result in vision deterioration.

3. Always Wear Work Goggles.

If you’re an avid carpenter, gardener, or mechanic, always wear work goggles to protect your eyes from hazardous dust or chemicals.

4. Protect Your Eyes from the Sun.

Persistent exposure to ultraviolet rays can accelerate the effects of cataracts and macular degeneration. Choose a pair of sunglasses with 100 percent UV protection.

5. Take a Break From Screen Time.

While it can be difficult to tear ourselves away from our computer screens, phones, and tablets, extended exposure to the LED screens can cause eye strain and lead to dry/itchy eyes, headaches and even reduced ability to focus on objects at a distance. If you can’t reliably reduce your screen time, invest in a pair of screen exposure glasses that mitigate the effects of LED light.

6. Take a Break From Reading.

You don’t have to do all of your reading on electronic devices to experience ocular discomfort – old-fashioned books can also cause eye strain, especially if you’re reading in insufficient light. If you feel your eyes becoming tired after pouring over a stack of papers, look away from your documents for a few seconds until your eyes are relieved.

7. Visit an Eye Care Specialist Once Per Year.

Even if your vision seems fine, or your prescription lenses seem to be correcting your vision sufficiently, it’s still important to visit your optometrist regularly to check for any irregularities. The earlier any vision problems are addressed, the easier they are to correct.

8. Take Changes in Vision or Eye Comfort Seriously.

If you are experiencing blurry vision, persistent dry eyes, eye pain, or any changes in the quality of your sight, make sure you have the issues addressed immediately.

9. Discuss Inherited Vision Conditions With Your Optometrist.

If your parents or grandparents had vision problems, diabetes, or heart disease, talk to your eye care specialist about your own risks of also experiencing those ailments.

10. Maintain Your Contact Lenses According to Your Doctor’s Instructions.

You may think that you’re caring for your contact lenses properly, statistically, you probably aren’t. According to research performed by the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, even though 85 percent of study respondents believed they cared for their contact lenses properly, only 2 percent cared for them adequately, and .4 percent followed contact lens care practices fully. Not only does failure to care for contact lenses properly cause them to deteriorate quickly, it can also leave you susceptible to a variety of eye infections and disorders. Talk to your optometrist about how you should care for your specific type of lenses.

OptiExpress: Providing Family-Friendly Eye Care Services Since 1999

OptiExpress offers the Cape Coral and Fort Myers, Florida communities access to comprehensive eye care services, including eye exams, contact lens fittings, designer frames, and screenings for complex eye conditions. We’re proud to offer a one-hour digital lab that allows us to fabricate corrective lenses on-site quickly and accurately, letting customers fill their prescriptions during their lunch hour! Visit our Cape Coral or Fort Myers locations today for fantastic deals on eye exams and corrective lenses.

Caring for Corrective Lenses – Preserving Your Contacts Properly

While contact lens maintenance can seem like an involved process to those who are new to the contact lens lifestyle, once you get used to the routine, you can easily keep your lenses in excellent condition. Here are the basic rules for correct contact lens care. OptiExpress offers affordable, comprehensive eye exam and contact lens packages from our Cape Coral and Fort Myers eye care centers.

While glasses are a reliable and centuries-old vision correction solution, contact lenses deliver more natural-feeling vision correction, so even people who are squeamish about putting objects directly in their eyes very often elect to make the switch. However, poor contact lens maintenance can degrade them quickly, and even cause medical complications. If you have decided to transition from eyeglasses to contact lenses, here are a few things you should remember about proper contact lens maintenance.

  • Adjust your daily routine. Contact lens maintenance requires adherence to an inflexible routine if you plan on wearing them daily. Always wash your hands carefully with soap and water, and allow them to dry thoroughly before handling your lenses. Keep your fingernails short enough to ensure they are clean and free of particles that may be deposited on your lenses. Sterilize your lenses with the proper solution every time you remove them. Do not sleep in any contact lenses unless they are specifically designed for overnight use and permitted by your eye doctor. Never allow water to touch your contact lenses – make sure you remove them before bathing, swimming, or submerging in any body of water.

  • Keep an easily accessible spare kit in case of emergency. There may come a time when you have to remove your contact lenses away from home. If you keep a spare kit and solution in your car or your bag, you can easily care for your lenses properly.

  • Keep a pair of eyeglasses handy. Getting contact lenses doesn’t necessarily mean saying goodbye forever to eyeglasses – you never know when you’ll need to remove your contacts.

  • Keep the line of communication between you and your doctor open. Make sure you continue your recommended eye exams even if everything seems fine. Continual eye exams will help preserve your eye health and ensure your corrective lenses are always performing optimally.

OptiExpress: Offering Comprehensive Eye Care Services and a One-Hour Digital Lab to the Cape Coral and Fort Myers, Florida Communities

If you are considering getting a prescription for contact lenses, the OptiExpress team is more than happy to provide you with excellent, affordable eye care services and contact lens packages, complete with an eye exam.

Corrective Lens 101: Finding Your Perfect Eyeglasses

While there is a wide variety of corrective lens options on the market, high definition progressive lenses may offer the best features of any external vision correction solution. Here is an overview of high definition progressive lenses, and why they might be able to deliver superior corrective power. OptiExpress offers a broad selection of corrective eyewear – from contact lenses to designer frames – from its Fort Myers and Cape Coral, Florida eye care centers.

High definition progressive lenses – how can a pair of eyeglasses be high definition?

High definition lenses, also called digital lenses or HD lenses, are corrective eyeglass lenses that are fabricated specifically for your eyes using a digital scan. Each pair is unique and tailored to the wearer’s needs at the time of evaluation. This maximizes the corrective power of the lenses and can help the wearer’s vision even surpass the 20/20 vision mark!

High Definition Progressive Lenses – What Are the Benefits?

High definition lenses differ significantly from traditional lenses in that they offer vision correction without the lens distortion typical of standard eyeglasses. When you put on a pair of traditional eyeglasses, the lens shape causes warping along the perimeter of the frame. High definition lenses use technology that allows the frame to be cut with superior precision so that there is almost no distortion and a clear and sharp field of vision.

High definition lenses are particularly good for people who require vision correction for multiple distance zones. High definition progressive lenses deliver a dramatically increased field of vision – more than 40 percent wider than traditional glasses. This contributes to the ease with which wearers can transition from close to distance viewing.

Personalized Corrective Lenses, Designed for You and Only You

With a crisp and clear field of vision throughout the frame, precise customization to your visual needs, ease of transitioning from reading to distance viewing, and a thin, sleek and stylish lens design, high definition progressive lenses offer superior vision correction in a beautifully designed package.

OptiExpress: Providing the Fort Myers and Cape Coral Communities with Exceptional Eye Care Services

OptiExpress offers comprehensive eye exams, a wide selection of designer frames, and high definition progressive lens fabrication on-site at our one-hour digital lab. If you want fast, friendly, and affordable eye care service in the Cape Coral or Fort Myers community, please don’t hesitate to visit our eye care center today!

High Definition Progressive Lenses: What Are They, and Why Do I Need Them?

While there is a wide variety of corrective lens options on the market, high definition progressive lenses may offer the best features of any external vision correction solution. Here is an overview of high definition progressive lenses, and why they might be able to deliver superior corrective power. OptiExpress offers a broad selection of corrective eyewear – from contact lenses to designer frames – from its Fort Myers and Cape Coral, Florida eye care centers.

High definition progressive lenses – how can a pair of eyeglasses be high definition?

High definition lenses, also called digital lenses or HD lenses, are corrective eyeglass lenses that are fabricated specifically for your eyes using a digital scan. Each pair is unique and tailored to the wearer’s needs at the time of evaluation. This maximizes the corrective power of the lenses and can help the wearer’s vision even surpass the 20/20 vision mark!

High Definition Progressive Lenses – What Are the Benefits?

High definition lenses differ significantly from traditional lenses in that they offer vision correction without the lens distortion typical of standard eyeglasses. When you put on a pair of traditional eyeglasses, the lens shape causes warping along the perimeter of the frame. High definition lenses use technology that allows the frame to be cut with superior precision so that there is almost no distortion and a clear and sharp field of vision.

High definition lenses are particularly good for people who require vision correction for multiple distance zones. High definition progressive lenses deliver a dramatically increased field of vision – more than 40 percent wider than traditional glasses. This contributes to the ease with which wearers can transition from close to distance viewing.

Personalized Corrective Lenses, Designed for You and Only You

With a crisp and clear field of vision throughout the frame, precise customization to your visual needs, ease of transitioning from reading to distance viewing, and a thin, sleek and stylish lens design, high definition progressive lenses offer superior vision correction in a beautifully designed package.

OptiExpress: Providing the Fort Myers and Cape Coral Communities with Exceptional Eye Care Services

OptiExpress offers comprehensive eye exams, a wide selection of designer frames, and high definition progressive lens fabrication on-site at our one-hour digital lab. If you want fast, friendly, and affordable eye care service in the Cape Coral or Fort Myers community, please don’t hesitate to visit our eye care center today!

Astigmatism 101: What is it, and How is it Treated?

Despite its somewhat intimidating name, astigmatism is quite a common condition, and it can be successfully treated using corrective lenses or surgical intervention.

Astigmatism is an ocular condition involving the malformation of either the cornea or the lens. In moderate-to-severe cases, this condition inhibits light from entering the retina efficiently, causing vision to become blurred at any distance, and sometimes triggering headaches, poor night vision, and eye irritation. Most people are either born with, or will develop, a very mild degree of astigmatism; many cases do not result in any noticeable vision abnormalities.

What causes astigmatism?

The precise cause of astigmatism isn’t known, but it does correlate with other conditions. Many people are born with an inherited astigmatism. It has been known to develop as one ages, and is often seen before the onset of cataracts. Astigmatism may also be a reaction to eye surgery or an eye injury. A rare condition called keratoconus causes a type of astigmatism where the cornea begins to deteriorate slowly and becomes increasingly misshapen. Severe keratoconus-related astigmatism can be treated with a surgical replacement of the cornea once the condition has become advanced.

How is astigmatism diagnosed?

If you have blurred vision at any distance – meaning you can’t see objects clearly no matter how near or far they are – you may have astigmatism. However, it very often appears with either myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (farsightedness), so the degree of severity may not be apparent without a comprehensive evaluation. Here is what your eye care specialists will check when evaluating for astigmatism:

  • Visual acuity. Visual acuity is your ability to see symbols clearly at a specified distance. 20/20 vision is the ability to clearly read a letter or number from 20 feet that has been designated as being readable at a 20-foot distance.
  • The curve of the cornea. The keratometer is a tool that uses light to measure corneal curvature and assess the degree of astigmatism severity. Your eye care specialist may also use a corneal topographer, which is a more sophisticated instrument that offers greater detail of the cornea, providing a three-dimensional map of the corneal surface.
  • Refraction. This exam tests the focusing power of the eye using a device called the phoropter. It measures refractive error by placing a series of lenses before the patient, with the patient telling the optometrist which lenses produce the best correction.

What are astigmatism treatment options?

Depending upon the results of the examination, your optometrist may offer you the following correction solutions:

  • Eyeglasses. Eyeglasses remain the most common corrective measure for people with astigmatism. These may be single focus, or in the case with people with presbyopia, progressive lenses that address multiple distance issues.
  • Contact lenses. Contact lenses have an advantage over glasses because they can physically correct the shape of the cornea, provided they are gas permeable or rigid lenses. Soft contacts are not effective for astigmatism, because they adjust to the shape of the corneas instead of reshaping them.
  • Orthokeratology/Ortho-k. This procedure is the fitting of retainer contact lenses for corrective wear. The lenses reshape the corneas over time, improving the wearer’s vision even when corrective lenses or eyeglasses are not worn. While ortho-k does provide prolonged correction, the technique does not permanently alter the corneas; the retainer lenses must be worn periodically to ensure long-term results.
  • Surgical intervention/LASIK. LASIK (laser in situ keratomileusis) surgery is a process that reshapes the cornea by removing the inner tissue. This is a permanent solution, and it can fully correct moderate to severe astigmatism.

If you think you have any type of vision problem, including astigmatism, don’t hesitate to have a comprehensive eye evaluation performed.

OptiExpress: Delivering compassionate eye care to the Fort Meyers and Cape Coral communities.

OptiExpress offers full eye examinations and a one-hour digital lab on site, so your prescription glasses can be ready on your lunch hour. For exceptional eye care service and excellent package deals on eye wear, contact lenses, and eye exams, please visit our family-friendly eye care center today!

How Do I Read an Eyeglasses Prescription? Here’s What You Need to Know

If you’ve just received your first eyeglasses prescription you’re probably unfamiliar with the ciphers and terminology. In fact – you don’t understand a thing! Never fear – here’s a primer on vision prescriptions, which will help you better understand your eye health.

What do the notations mean?

The standard notations for visual acuity seem confusing, but they’re pretty straightforward once they’re translated. Here’s what you need to know.

Eyeglass prescriptions are generally transcribed on a graph. The abbreviations on the right-hand side are:

  • O.D. This abbreviation stands for oculus dexter, which is Latin for right eye.
  • O.S. This abbreviation stands for oculus sinister, which is Latin for left eye.
  • O.U. This abbreviation stands for oculus uterque, which is Latin for both eyes.

While these are the standard notations, many optometrists are now using the more accessible R.E., L.E., and O.E. (right eye, left eye, both eyes).

Along the top of the graph are terms relating to the condition of your vision. These terms are:

  • Sphere: This term relates to the prescribed strength of the corrective lenses needed to address either myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (farsightedness).
  • Cylinder: This term is designated for the correction of astigmatism. If this section is blank, it means that patient either does not have astigmatism, or that it is so minor that it does not affect the patient’s vision.
  • Axis: For patients with astigmatism, this category notes the angle and direction of the corneal or lens curvature.
  • ADD: This space indicates that a bifocal or multifocal prescription is recommended.

What do the numbers mean?

Under the terms at the top of the chart are numbers which describe the strength of the required vision correction. The higher the number, the more intensive the necessary correction.

There will also be plus or minus signs alongside the numbers. A plus sign indicates farsightedness; a minus sign indicates nearsightedness.

What about the other stuff?

Your optometrist will often provide special instructions for the fabrication of your corrective lenses. These instructions are meant to provide the most comfortable correction and suit your lifestyle. For example, your eye care specialist may specify variable tint lenses or anti-glare coating.

Can my eyeglasses prescription be used for contact lenses?

Eyeglass prescriptions cannot be used interchangeably with contact lens prescriptions because eyeglass prescriptions lack details that can only be gathered from a contact lens fitting. The lens has to fit the unique curve of the eye, and the corrective power is different, since contact lenses sit directly upon the eye, while eyeglasses sit approximately 12 millimeters away from the eye.

Your eyeglass prescription is your property. It must be given to you whether you specifically request it or not, or whether or not you choose to have your prescription filled by the eye care center where you had your exam. You have the right to use your prescription at any eyewear retailer you wish.

It is advisable to have an eye exam every year to ensure your lenses are always providing the appropriate level of correction.

OptiExpress: Fill your prescription fast at our one-hour onsite lab

OptiExpress offers comprehensive eye exams and a one-hour onsite lab, so you can have your prescription eyewear before your lunch hour ends. With excellent deals on designer eyewear and contact lenses, we are Fort Meyers’s and Cape Coral’s go-to eye care specialist. Come to our family-friendly eye care center for a complete eye exam today!